Poster Presentation 2014 International Biophysics Congress

Inhibitory effects of angiotensin II on BKCa channels in podocytes via oxidative stress (#292)

Na Gao 1 , Zhuo Yang 1
  1. Medical School, NanKai University, TianJin, China

Angiotensin II (Ang II) is an important active substance of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). The present study has confirmed that abnormalities of Ang II may be related with cerebrovascular diseases, endocrine diseases, cardiovascular diseases, liver diseases, such as: cerebral hypoxia, diabetes, obesity, atrial fibrillation and liver cirrhosis. However, understanding effects of Ang II on podocytes is not enough. This study was to investigate the effects of oxidative stress on the large conductance,Ca2+-activated K+ channels (BKCa). Results from the 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay showed that Ang II induced podocyte death in a concentration-dependent manner. The measurement of superoxide dismutase (SOD) generation demonstrated that Ang II decreased the total SOD of cellular levels. Meaningfully, pretreatment of a type of ROS scavenger formulations named N-(mercaptopropionyl)-glycine (N-MPG) could inhibit podocyte apoptosis induced by Ang II. Meanwhile, patch-clamp technique was used in this study to detect the effects of Ang II on currents of BKCa channels in podocytes. The results indicated that Ang II inhibited the current amplitude of BKCa channels and decreased the slope of I-V curve. Ang II also made the activation curves of BKCa channels shift to the left. These results may provide a theoretical basis for potential treatment of chronic glomerular disease in the future.