Proteasome is involved in the degradation of proteins. Especially, the hybrid proteasome is thought to be an efficient proteolytic complex composed of both 19S with ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis and PA28 with antigen processing. These proteasome activators bind to the proteasome core particle (CP) and facilitate opening a gate of the CP, where Tyr8 and Asp9 in the N-termini tails of the CP form the ordered open gate. In a double mutant (Tyr8Gly/Asp9Gly), the N-termini tails are disordered and the stabilized open-gate conformation cannot be formed. To understand how the hybrid proteasome is responsible for the efficient proteolysis of the substrate, four different molecular dynamics simulations were carried out: ordered- and disordered-gate models of the CP complexed with an ATP-independent PA26 and ordered- and disordered-gate models of the CP complexed with an ATP-dependent PAN-like activator. The free-energies of the translocation of a poly-peptide substrate moving through the gate were estimated. In the ordered-gate models, the substrate in the activator was more stable than that in the CP. The conformational entropy of the N-termini tails of the CP was larger when the substrate was in the activator than in the CP. In the disordered-gate models, the substrate in the activator was more destabilized than in the ordered-gate models. The mutated N-termini tails became randomized and their increased conformational entropy could no longer increase further even when the substrate was in the activator, meaning the randomized N-termini tails had lost the ability to stabilize the substrate in the activator. Thus, it was concluded that the dynamics of the N-termini tails entropically play a key role in the translocation of the substrate. From the results, a model of the entry of the substrate and the release of the products by the hybrid proteasome has been proposed 1.